Particular aspects of social integration among patients with schizophrenia
Objective: In this study we aim to identify characterize the social integration of patients with Schizophrenia in Romania and identify variables that influence their social integration.
Method: Charts from patients hospitalized in the Psychiatry Clinic 1, during 21 months, were studied: marital status, parenting, family residence, the quality of the relationships with relatives, professional status and the association with a personality disorder. The associations were performed using the chi-square test. Windows excel and Graphpad.com were used for data processing.
Result: From the 116 patients selected, 30.17% were married; 71,4% have secondary and higher education; 21,6% were unemployed and did not have any social assistance income; 37.9% lived with families; 46,6% had children; 20,7% had appropriate family relationships; and 54.3% have a personality disorder. There was no association between the number of hospitalizations and the patient's gender (p=0.59), between the personality type and higher education level (p=0,51). Having a personality disorder was not statistically associated with residential status (p=0,11). The chance of a patient living with his family is 2.5 times higher if the patient has a schizoid personality disorder.
Conclusion: Indicators such as marital status, parenting, family residence, employment, relationship with the family can be used to analyze the effectiveness of the treatment schemes that are conducted for the patients with schizophrenia.
Copyright (c) 2021 Andreea Salcudean, Eliza Dumitrita Sirbu, Daniela Muresan, Cristina Raluca Bodo
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