The outcome in critically ill patients admitted for thoracic trauma – a single center analysis over one year

  • Oana Elena Branea George Emil Palade University of Medicine, Pharmacy, Science, and Technology of Târgu Mureş
  • Kiss Konrád Ottó Clinic of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, Emergency Clinical County Hospital of Targu Mures, Romania
  • Pui Mihai Clinic of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, Emergency Clinical County Hospital of Targu Mures, Romania
  • Cehan Vlad Dimitrie Clinic of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, Emergency Clinical County Hospital of Targu Mures, Romania
  • Frandes Oana Clinic of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, Emergency Clinical County Hospital of Targu Mures, Romania
  • Vlad Anca Gabriela Clinic of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, Emergency Clinical County Hospital of Targu Mures, Romania
  • Branea Ioan Alexandru Emergency Medicine Department, Emergency Clinical County Hospital of Targu Mures, Romania
  • Fulop Andrei Cristian Clinic of Radiology, Emergency Clinical County Hospital of Targu Mures, Romania
  • Chis Monica Rheumatology Department, George Emil Palade University of Medicine, Pharmacy, Science, and Technology of Targu Mures, Romania
  • Lazar Alexandra Elena Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, George Emil Palade University of Medicine, Pharmacy, Science, and Technology of Targu Mures, Romania
Keywords: thoracic trauma, critically ill, intensive care unit, outcome, computed tomography

Abstract

Abstract

Objective: The main objective of the current study was to examine the outcome of critically ill patients in relation to clinical and thoracic injuries. The secondary objectives were to assess the role of CT in the evaluation of the diaphragm and to provide an analysis of prognostic abilities with respect to diaphragm changes.

Methods: This single-center retrospective observational cohort study was conducted in the ICU of Târgu Mureș County Emergency Clinical Hospital, Romania. This study identified 52 critically ill blunted or penetrating chest trauma patients admitted to the ICU from 01 January 2021 to 31 December 2021. CT scan was used to identify thorax injuries and diaphragm thickness. The outcome of all patients was analyzed.

Results: Most of the patients experienced traffic accidents (44.23%) or falls (26.93%). The predominant characteristics associated with chest trauma were rib fractures (92.30%), lung contusions (63.50%), and pneumothorax (53.80%). The most common injury seen in the study was rib fractures, accounting for 92.30% of cases. This was followed by lung contusions, which were present in 63.50% of patients, and pneumothorax, which occurred in 53.80% of cases. It was examined ROC AUC for thickness of the right and the left diaphragm and severity scores. When assessing the thickness of the diaphragm in deceased and survivors, no statistically significant differences were found.

Conclusion: Although no significant differences were found regarding the prognosis between the survivors and the deceased, diaphragm thickness might potentially serve as a predictor for the severity of the injury.

Published
2023-11-24
How to Cite
1.
Branea O, Ottó K, Mihai P, Dimitrie C, Oana F, Gabriela V, Alexandru B, Cristian F, Monica C, Elena L. The outcome in critically ill patients admitted for thoracic trauma – a single center analysis over one year. amm [Internet]. 24Nov.2023 [cited 23Apr.2024];69(4). Available from: https://ojs.actamedicamarisiensis.ro/index.php/amm/article/view/395
Section
Original article