Genitourinary bacterial infection: a cause of infertility in men? A cases series and short review of literature

  • Răzvan Lucian Coșeriu Department of Immunology, Mures County Clinical Hospital- Infectious Diseases Laboratory, Targu Mures, Romania
  • Camelia Vintilă Department of Microbiology, Mures County Clinical Hospital- Infectious Diseases Laboratory, Targu Mures, Romania
  • Bianca Irina Kosovski Department of Phyopathology, George Emil Palade University of Medicine, Pharmacy, Science and Technology of Târgu Mureș, Romania
  • Anca Delia Mare Department of Microbiology, George Emil Palade University of Medicine, Pharmacy, Science and Technology of Târgu Mureș, Romania
  • Cristina Nicoleta Ciurea Department of Microbiology, George Emil Palade University of Medicine, Pharmacy, Science and Technology of Târgu Mureș, Romania
Keywords: Enterococcus faecalis, spermatozoa, azoospermia, sperm count, male infertility

Abstract

Introduction

The role of bacterial infections on the onset and the development of male infertility is still highly controversial, as the clinical cases have different outcomes and the practitioners have no guidelines that will help them select the cases that will better benefit from antibiotic treatment.

 

Case presentation

Four case reports are presented in order to emphasize the possible clinical implications of genitourinary bacterial infections on male infertility. The first patient had two bacteria isolated from the semen culture, Escherichia coli, and then Enterococcus faecalis. The antibiotic treatment did not affect the quality of the spermatozoa. The second patient had a semen culture positive with E. faecalis. The treatment was successful: the bacteria were eradicated and the patient was able to conceive a baby. E. faecalis was also identified in the third and the fourth case. Both patients were able to conceive, despite the different clinical management strategies of the cases.

 

Conclusion

      Bacterial prostatitis might play a role in male infertility, but the clinical cases are still highly unpredictable. Every case presents a different viewpoint and raises awareness of the complexity of the problem.

Published
2020-09-07
How to Cite
1.
Coșeriu R, Vintilă C, Kosovski B, Mare A, Ciurea C. Genitourinary bacterial infection: a cause of infertility in men? A cases series and short review of literature. amm [Internet]. 7Sep.2020 [cited 25Nov.2020];66(3):116-20. Available from: https://ojs.actamedicamarisiensis.ro/index.php/amm/article/view/37
Section
Case report