The anti-tobacco legislation’s impact on air pollution in Romanian foster care homes

  • Nimród Tubák Department of Hygiene, George Emil Palade University of Medicine, Pharmacy, Science, and Technology of Târgu Mures, Romania
  • Lorand Kocsis 2Student, George Emil Palade University of Medicine, Pharmacy, Science, and Technology of Târgu Mures, Romania
  • Péter Balázs Institute of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary
  • Valentin Nădăşan Department of Hygiene, George Emil Palade University of Medicine, Pharmacy, Science, and Technology of Târgu Mures, Romania
  • Iozsef Lorand Ferencz Department of Hygiene, George Emil Palade University of Medicine, Pharmacy, Science, and Technology of Târgu Mures, Romania
  • Ágnes Tamás Department of Hygiene, George Emil Palade University of Medicine, Pharmacy, Science, and Technology of Târgu Mures, Romania
  • Zoltán Ábrám 1Department of Hygiene, George Emil Palade University of Medicine, Pharmacy, Science, and Technology of Târgu Mures, Romania
Keywords: air pollution, foster care home, PM2.5, anti-tobacco legislation

Abstract

Objective: The research aimed to investigate the impact of the anti-tobacco legislation (2016) on air quality in Romanian foster care homes.

Methods: The measurements took place in foster care homes from three Romanian counties. We recorded data three times (2014, 2016 – six months after the implementation of the anti-tobacco legislation, 2019). In 41 foster care homes were measured the indoor and outdoor Particular Matter (PM2.5) level in the air, using the TSI Aerosol Monitor Side Pak AM device. Descriptive statistics and t-test were used for data analysis (significant difference if p < 0.05).

Results: The indoor PM2.5 values were higher in each year than outdoor values. Analyzing the anti-smoking legislation’s impact on air quality, we found no difference between the indoor measured 2014 and 2016 data, but there was a significant difference in the outdoor values (higher in 2016). Comparing the values measured after the implementation of the legislation (2016 vs. 2019) we found no difference in either of the indoor or outdoor values.

Conclusions: The anti-tobacco legislation has not influenced the indoor air pollution (PM2.5) level. The increased outdoor PM2.5 values suggest that the residents of the foster care homes are smoking more in front of the house after the introduction of the 2016 anti-tobacco legislation.

Published
2020-08-05
How to Cite
1.
Tubák N, Kocsis L, Balázs P, Nădăşan V, Ferencz IL, Tamás Ágnes, Ábrám Z. The anti-tobacco legislation’s impact on air pollution in Romanian foster care homes. amm [Internet]. 5Aug.2020 [cited 3Dec.2021];66(4):144-7. Available from: https://ojs.actamedicamarisiensis.ro/index.php/amm/article/view/24
Section
Original article